小牛英语

双语阅读:中国的骄傲——北斗卫星导航系统

作者:小牛英语 | 来源:小牛英语 | 2017年10月28日 15:31

北斗导航系统是中国自主研发的卫星导航系统。网购、快递、外卖、共享单车等我们日常生活中常见的各项服务,背后都离不开它提供的精确的位置和时间信息。可以说,它是当之无愧的中国骄傲。


 
Many years ago, people relied on the sun, moon and stars to find their way around. Later, the compass was introduced. And now, we have satellite navigation (satnav) systems to guide us.
遥远的古代,人们依靠太阳、月亮和星星来辨别方向。后来,罗盘被发明了出来。而如今,我们有了卫星导航系统。

A satnav system uses groups of satellites to show the user’s location. They send information to a receiver, such as a smartphone, to show us where we are.
卫星导航系统借助一系列卫星来定位用户的位置。这些卫星将信息发送到智能手机等接收器上,从而显示我们所处的位置。

The earliest built satnav system is the Global Positioning System (GPS), which belongs to the US. Then there is Russia’s Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), the European Union’s Galileo and China’s own satellite navigation system, BeiDou.
美国的全球定位系统是最早建成的卫星导航系统。紧随其后的是俄罗斯的全球导航卫星系统、欧盟的伽利略定位系统以及中国自主研发的北斗导航系统。

On Oct 14, an ARJ21-700 plane, which was the first domestically-produced (国产的) jet to be equipped with the BeiDou navigation system, successfully completed a test flight.
10月14日,首架配备了北斗卫星导航系统的国产喷气式飞机ARJ21-700成功地完成了一次试飞。

The results showed the performance of the system developed by China matches that of similar systems produced abroad, according to the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China.
中国商用飞机有限责任公司表示,结果表明,中国研发的卫星导航系统和国外制作的类似系统在性能方面基本一致。

Since its introduction in 2000, the BeiDou navigation system has seen increasing numbers of applications linked to everyday life, from shared bikes to farming.
自2000年投入使用以来,北斗卫星导航系统在日常生活中的应用越来越多,从共享单车到农田耕作等等。

When it comes to shared bikes, smart locks that support BeiDou chips offer more accurate positioning than others, making it easier to find a bike.
共享单车上的智能锁内设有支持北斗系统的芯片。和其他智能锁相比,这种锁能提供更准确的定位,让人们更容易地找到自行车。

Farmers can use BeiDou-enabled tractors to plow (犁耕) the soil, and drones (无人机) using BeiDou to sow seeds, which can boost (提高) efficiency and make better use of resources. BeiDou’s farming applications have spread from Heilongjiang province to Beijing, Liaoning, Shanxi, Hubei and other regions across China.
农民们能够使用配有北斗导航系统的拖拉机和无人机进行耕地播种,在提高效率的同时也更好地利用了资源。北斗系统在农业上的应用已经从黑龙江扩展到了北京、辽宁、山西、湖北以及我国大江南北的其他地区。

With its many uses, the BeiDou navigation system is even playing a big role in the Belt and Road Initiative. “To date, the Beidousystem has covered most parts of the Asia-Pacific region, as well as countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road,” said Yang Changfeng, chief designer of the BeiDou system.
北斗导航系统的用途众多,甚至还在“一带一路”倡议中发挥着重要的作用。“到目前为止,北斗系统已经覆盖了绝大部分亚太地区,以及丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路沿线国家,”北斗系统总设计师杨长风表示。
Today, there are more than 20 BeiDou satellites above our heads, and China plans to launch up to eight more this year to expand the BeiDou network to better serve the Belt and Road Initiative.
如今,已有20多颗北斗卫星在我们上空运转,中国今年还计划发射8颗卫星以扩大北斗系统网络,使其更好地为“一带一路”倡议服务。
“As BeiDou expands its overseas reach, it will be increasingly popular in the logistics (物流) industry,” said Miao Qianjun, secretary-general of the navigation services association.
“随着北斗系统不断扩展其海外服务区域,它将在物流行业日益普及,”中国卫星导航定位协会秘书长苗前军表示。
“Ships, for instance, can use it to position themselves while sailing across oceans to European countries, no longer limited to Southeast Asian regions.”
“比如,船只在航行至欧洲国家的途中可以用北斗系统对自身进行定位,而不只是局限于东南亚地区。”
 
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