小牛英语

高二英语词汇:either,neither区别 及用法

作者:小牛英语 | 来源:小牛英语 | 2016年09月27日 16:10

对于高二的童鞋们,这一年需要我们不断的积累语法和词汇,打下坚实的基础。那今天小牛英语为大家带来either,neither区别及用法。


 
1.词性功能与either:多种词性

 ①.限定词——名词前: 

This is a long room with a door at either end

②.做代词——常接of:

Olive oil and corn oil are both suitable, so you could use either (of them).

③.做副词——两个意思:

You can either come by bus or take a taxi.(either…or:或)

Jerry wasn’t there either.(=too/also也,用于否定和疑问句)

2.数量关系与either:辨别bothneithernot only…

Either…or; neither…nor;both…and; not only…but also这四组词都是在两者之间进行指代。不同的关键在于三点:

.“全是both…and…;not only…but also…


The results of the research are both impressive and alarming.

There are problems notonly with the students, but also with the teachers themselves.

.“全否neither…nor…

The president spoke neither for nor against economic reform.

Neither his son nor his daughter was at the funeral.

.“之一either…or…

You can contact us either by phone, by email, or by letter.

When there’s a crisis, they either do nothing or do something totally useless.

3.主谓一致与either:均按照就近原则,即以最接近谓语动词的为准。

Not only I but also Tom and Mary are fond of watching television.

Either he or you are right.

Neither the mayor nor the council members have yielded on the issue.

Neither the council members nor the mayor has yielded on the issue.

4.部分倒装与neither/not only:最接近否定词的主谓倒装

Not only do the professors have their own ideas on the matter,but the students have theirs too.

Not only had the poor man been arrested but he had been sent to prison as well.

Bob can't go, and neither can I. If she doesn't want it, neither doI.

Neither does he know nor cares what happened
分享到: