高二英语必修五知识总结:Unit3 Life in the future(含答案和解析)

作者:小牛英语 | 来源:小牛英语 | 2017年10月22日 14:01

Unit3 Life in the future

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.My good performance in the job interview left me optimistic __about__ my future and about what I can do here.


2.With online shopping increasingly popular, the Internet is seen as an __efficient__ (efficiency) way of reaching target customers.

解析:efficient有效的。根据语境中的...increasingly popular可知,网购是一种有效的方式,故填efficient。句意为:随着网上购物越来越流行,网络被认为是一种有效的吸引目标顾客的方式。

3.I think __what__ impresses me about his painting is the colours he uses.


4.Her __motivation__ (motivate) for writing was a desire for women to get the right to higher education.


5.Instead of blaming the child who had broken the vase, she gave him a __tolerant__(tolerance) smile and let him go.


6.__What__ makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writer.


7.They are broadening the bridge to speed __up__ the flow of traffic.

解析:考查动词短语辨析。句意:他们正在加宽这座大桥以加快交通流量。speed up加速,加快,符合句意。

8.It's impossible for her to have more free time to accompany her parents because her work take __up__ much of her time.

解析:句意:她不可能有更多的空余时间来陪伴她的父母,因为工作占据了她的大部分时间。take up拿起,占据(时间或空间)。

9.What was so _impressive_(impress) about Jasmine Westland's victory was that she came first in the marathon bare­footed.

解析:句意:Jasmine Westland打动人的地方是她赤脚在马拉松比赛中得了第一名。impressive打动人的,有感染力的。

10.Briggs will take __over__ as general manager when Mitchell retires.

解析:句意:Mitchell退休后,Briggs将会接管当总经理。take over 接管。

11.More and more high­rise buildings have been built in big cities __for__ lack of space.

解析:句意:因为缺乏空间,在大城市建起了越来越多的高层建筑。for lack of“因缺乏……”。

12.Making __a__ good impression on the interviewers is of vital __importance__(important).

解析:句意:给面试官留下好的印象是极其重要的。固定搭配leave/make a good impression on sb.=leave/make sb.a good impression,故第一空应填入a。be of importance =be important。

13.It is difficult for us to imagine __what__life was like for slaves in the ancient world.

解析:考查名词性从句。句意:对我们来说,想像奴隶们在古代的生活是什么样子是很难的。空格处引导宾语从句,从句中be like后缺少表语,故用what引导。

14.__Left__(leave) at home reading all day, the boy felt very lonely and wished to go out to play with his friends.

解析:考查非谓语动词。leave在这里表示“留下”,与主语the boy之间构成动宾关系,故用其过去分词形式作状语。

15.When I got home, it flashed __upon__ me that I had forgotten to lock the door.

解析:考查固定句型。It flashed upon sb.that...为常用句型,意为“某人突然想到……”

Ⅱ. 完成句子

1.As for Jackson, he had a positive attitude towards his work and __as_a_result__(结果), he got promoted quickly.

2.The girl couldn't tolerate the extremes of heat and burst out crying when she __lost_sight_of_her_mother__(看不见她妈妈时).

3.It seems as if he has __adjusted_himself_to_the_local_climate__(适应了当地的气候).

4.There was a time when I was blamed by my mother for the reason that I __forgot_to_fasten_the_safety_belt__(忘记系安全带了).

5.They had to do what they could __to_speed_up__(加快速度) so as to sweep up the street before dark.

6.It is __because_he_hurt_me_on_purpose(=deliberately)__(因为他故意伤害过我) that I dislike seeing him.

7.I wanted to leave at once __every_time_he_mentioned_his_future_lifestyle__(每次他提到他将来的生活方式时).

8.The woman steward pressed the button and then looked at the strange passenger __as_if_he_were_mad/crazy__(好像他疯了).

9.__Disappointed_at_the_news__(对这个消息感到失望) that the speech contest had been called off, the top students sat there in silence and felt great pressure.

10.I'm uncertain about my exact time here, but I will visit you next Tuesday __if_it_is_convenient_to/for_you__(要是你方便的话).

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.In a instant the rain stopped and the sky cleared up.


2.It's impossible for her to have more free time to accompany her parents because her work takes on much of her time.


3.She showed a lack in responsibility, so she lost the good chance.


4.We must never lose the sight of the fact that man must live in harmony with nature.


5.Sales director is a position that communication ability is just as important as sales skills.


6.Biting twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog.


Ⅳ. 教材原句

1.I have to remind myself__constantly__(constant) that I am really in AD 3008.


2.I can still remember the moment__when__the space stewardess called us to the capsule.


3.I found later__that__their leaves provided the room__with__much­needed oxygen.

解析:第一空考查宾语从句。从句中不缺句子成分且句意完整。故填that;第二空考查固定句式“provide sb.with sth.”意为“为某人提供某物”。

4.Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment__to__this new situation, Wang Ping appeared.

解析:make adjustment to“适应”。

5.Soon I was back__on__my feet again, and following him to collect a hovering carriage driven by computer.

解析:be back on one's feet“恢复”。

6.__Arriving__(arrive) at a stranger­looking house, he showed me into a large, bright clean room.


7.My first visit was to a space station__considered__(consider) the most modern in space.


8.I stared at the moving model of the waste machine,__absorbed__(absorb) by its efficiency.


Ⅴ. 语篇填空

At first my new surroundings were difficult ①__to_tolerate__ (tolerate).The air seemed thin, as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left.Hit by ②__a__ lack of fresh air, my head ached.Just as I tried to make the necessary ③__adjustment__ (adjust) to this new situation, Wang Ping appeared.“Put on this mask,” he advised.“It'll make you feel much better.” He handed ④__it__ to me and immediately hurried me through to a small room nearby for a rest.I felt ⑤__better__(good) in no time.Soon I was back ⑥__on__ my feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage ⑦__driven__(drive) by computer.These carriages float ⑧__above__ the ground and by bending or pressing down in your seat, you can move swiftly.Wang Ping fastened my safety belt ⑨__and__ showed me how to use it.Soon I could fly as fast as ⑩__him__.

Ⅵ. 话题写作


1.Getting trained in a_space capsule was the first thing on the timetable.A guidefastened my safety belt and showed me how to use it.


2.He flashed aswitch on a computer screen, and the capsule beganswinging gently sideways and thensped up .


3.Because I was hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached.I wasnervous and uncertain and I found theadjustment to space lifedifficult to tolerate .


4.I felt much betterin no time .Iwas back on my feet again.




Getting trained in a space capsule was the first thing on the timetable.A guide fastened my safety belt and showed me how to use it.Then he flashed a switch on a computer screen,and the capsule began swinging gently sideways and then sped up.Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached.Nervous and uncertain,I found the adjustment to space life difficult to tolerate.But I felt much better in no time.I was back on my feet again.