小牛英语

高二英语必修五知识总结:Unit3 Life in the future(含答案和解析)

作者:小牛英语 | 来源:小牛英语 | 2017年10月22日 14:01

Unit3 Life in the future

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.My good performance in the job interview left me optimistic __about__ my future and about what I can do here.

解析:句意:我在工作面试中的好表现让我对未来和自己在这里能做的很乐观。

2.With online shopping increasingly popular, the Internet is seen as an __efficient__ (efficiency) way of reaching target customers.

解析:efficient有效的。根据语境中的...increasingly popular可知,网购是一种有效的方式,故填efficient。句意为:随着网上购物越来越流行,网络被认为是一种有效的吸引目标顾客的方式。

3.I think __what__ impresses me about his painting is the colours he uses.

解析:考查名词性从句。句意:我认为关于他的绘画让我印象深刻的是他使用的颜色。impresses缺少主语,故用what引导名词性从句。

4.Her __motivation__ (motivate) for writing was a desire for women to get the right to higher education.

解析:句意:她写作的动力是渴望妇女获得更高一点教育的权利。motivation动机,动力。

5.Instead of blaming the child who had broken the vase, she gave him a __tolerant__(tolerance) smile and let him go.

解析:句意:没有责备那个打破花瓶的孩子,她朝她宽容地笑了笑,让他走了。tolerant宽容的。

6.__What__ makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writer.

解析:考查名词性从句。句意:使这本书不同寻常的是作者富有创造性的想象力。what引导主语从句,在句中作主语,符合句意。

7.They are broadening the bridge to speed __up__ the flow of traffic.

解析:考查动词短语辨析。句意:他们正在加宽这座大桥以加快交通流量。speed up加速,加快,符合句意。

8.It's impossible for her to have more free time to accompany her parents because her work take __up__ much of her time.

解析:句意:她不可能有更多的空余时间来陪伴她的父母,因为工作占据了她的大部分时间。take up拿起,占据(时间或空间)。

9.What was so _impressive_(impress) about Jasmine Westland's victory was that she came first in the marathon bare­footed.

解析:句意:Jasmine Westland打动人的地方是她赤脚在马拉松比赛中得了第一名。impressive打动人的,有感染力的。

10.Briggs will take __over__ as general manager when Mitchell retires.

解析:句意:Mitchell退休后,Briggs将会接管当总经理。take over 接管。

11.More and more high­rise buildings have been built in big cities __for__ lack of space.

解析:句意:因为缺乏空间,在大城市建起了越来越多的高层建筑。for lack of“因缺乏……”。

12.Making __a__ good impression on the interviewers is of vital __importance__(important).

解析:句意:给面试官留下好的印象是极其重要的。固定搭配leave/make a good impression on sb.=leave/make sb.a good impression,故第一空应填入a。be of importance =be important。

13.It is difficult for us to imagine __what__life was like for slaves in the ancient world.

解析:考查名词性从句。句意:对我们来说,想像奴隶们在古代的生活是什么样子是很难的。空格处引导宾语从句,从句中be like后缺少表语,故用what引导。

14.__Left__(leave) at home reading all day, the boy felt very lonely and wished to go out to play with his friends.

解析:考查非谓语动词。leave在这里表示“留下”,与主语the boy之间构成动宾关系,故用其过去分词形式作状语。

15.When I got home, it flashed __upon__ me that I had forgotten to lock the door.

解析:考查固定句型。It flashed upon sb.that...为常用句型,意为“某人突然想到……”

Ⅱ. 完成句子

1.As for Jackson, he had a positive attitude towards his work and __as_a_result__(结果), he got promoted quickly.

2.The girl couldn't tolerate the extremes of heat and burst out crying when she __lost_sight_of_her_mother__(看不见她妈妈时).

3.It seems as if he has __adjusted_himself_to_the_local_climate__(适应了当地的气候).

4.There was a time when I was blamed by my mother for the reason that I __forgot_to_fasten_the_safety_belt__(忘记系安全带了).

5.They had to do what they could __to_speed_up__(加快速度) so as to sweep up the street before dark.

6.It is __because_he_hurt_me_on_purpose(=deliberately)__(因为他故意伤害过我) that I dislike seeing him.

7.I wanted to leave at once __every_time_he_mentioned_his_future_lifestyle__(每次他提到他将来的生活方式时).

8.The woman steward pressed the button and then looked at the strange passenger __as_if_he_were_mad/crazy__(好像他疯了).

9.__Disappointed_at_the_news__(对这个消息感到失望) that the speech contest had been called off, the top students sat there in silence and felt great pressure.

10.I'm uncertain about my exact time here, but I will visit you next Tuesday __if_it_is_convenient_to/for_you__(要是你方便的话).

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.In a instant the rain stopped and the sky cleared up.

__a→an__

2.It's impossible for her to have more free time to accompany her parents because her work takes on much of her time.

__on→up__

3.She showed a lack in responsibility, so she lost the good chance.

__in→of__

4.We must never lose the sight of the fact that man must live in harmony with nature.

__去掉第一个the__

5.Sales director is a position that communication ability is just as important as sales skills.

__that→where__

6.Biting twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we chained our dog.

__Bitting→Bitten__

Ⅳ. 教材原句

1.I have to remind myself__constantly__(constant) that I am really in AD 3008.

解析:句意:我不得不持续不断地提醒自己我真地在公元3008年。修饰动词应用副词。

2.I can still remember the moment__when__the space stewardess called us to the capsule.

解析:先行词为moment,定语从句中缺少时间状语,故填when。

3.I found later__that__their leaves provided the room__with__much­needed oxygen.

解析:第一空考查宾语从句。从句中不缺句子成分且句意完整。故填that;第二空考查固定句式“provide sb.with sth.”意为“为某人提供某物”。

4.Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment__to__this new situation, Wang Ping appeared.

解析:make adjustment to“适应”。

5.Soon I was back__on__my feet again, and following him to collect a hovering carriage driven by computer.

解析:be back on one's feet“恢复”。

6.__Arriving__(arrive) at a stranger­looking house, he showed me into a large, bright clean room.

解析:he与arrive为逻辑上的主谓关系,故填arriving。

7.My first visit was to a space station__considered__(consider) the most modern in space.

解析:句意:我首先参观的是一个被认为最现代化的太空站。由句意可知应用过去分词作后置定语。

8.I stared at the moving model of the waste machine,__absorbed__(absorb) by its efficiency.

解析:主语I与absorb为被动关系,故应填过去分词作状语。

Ⅴ. 语篇填空

At first my new surroundings were difficult ①__to_tolerate__ (tolerate).The air seemed thin, as though its combination of gases had little oxygen left.Hit by ②__a__ lack of fresh air, my head ached.Just as I tried to make the necessary ③__adjustment__ (adjust) to this new situation, Wang Ping appeared.“Put on this mask,” he advised.“It'll make you feel much better.” He handed ④__it__ to me and immediately hurried me through to a small room nearby for a rest.I felt ⑤__better__(good) in no time.Soon I was back ⑥__on__ my feet again and following him to collect a hovering carriage ⑦__driven__(drive) by computer.These carriages float ⑧__above__ the ground and by bending or pressing down in your seat, you can move swiftly.Wang Ping fastened my safety belt ⑨__and__ showed me how to use it.Soon I could fly as fast as ⑩__him__.

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.Getting trained in a_space capsule was the first thing on the timetable.A guidefastened my safety belt and showed me how to use it.

时间表上的第一件事就是在太空舱里训练。一个指导员给我系上安全带,并向我展示如何使用。

2.He flashed aswitch on a computer screen, and the capsule beganswinging gently sideways and thensped up .

他按了电脑屏幕上的一个开关,太空舱开始轻轻地向一边摇摆,然后加速。

3.Because I was hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached.I wasnervous and uncertain and I found theadjustment to space lifedifficult to tolerate .

由于缺乏新鲜空气,我的头很疼,我紧张不安,并且我发现对太空生活的调整很难忍受。

4.I felt much betterin no time .Iwas back on my feet again.

我很快就感觉好多了,恢复过来了。

组篇公式:用非谓语形式和形容词作状语句式改写句3+过渡词。

【参考答案】

Getting trained in a space capsule was the first thing on the timetable.A guide fastened my safety belt and showed me how to use it.Then he flashed a switch on a computer screen,and the capsule began swinging gently sideways and then sped up.Hit by a lack of fresh air, my head ached.Nervous and uncertain,I found the adjustment to space life difficult to tolerate.But I felt much better in no time.I was back on my feet again.

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