小牛英语

高二英语必修五知识总结:Unit3 Life in the future(人教版)

作者:小牛英语 | 来源:小牛英语 | 2017年10月21日 13:56

Unit3 Life in the future

Ⅰ. 常考单词必背

1.aspectn.方面;层面

I shall limit myself to three aspects of the subject.

我将从三个方面来讨论这个问题。

2.impressionn.[C]印象;感觉

I am going to do all I can to remove the unpleasant impression you have of me.

我打算尽最大努力去掉你对我不好的印象。

[快速闪记]

(1)have/leave/make a(n)...impression on sb 给某人留下……印象

(2)impress vt.①印;压印②留下极深的印象

impress sth on/upon sb/one's memory使某人铭记某事

impress sb with sth (某事)给某人留下印象

be impressed with/at/by...对……有深刻印象

(3)impressive adj.给人深刻印象的;感人的;激动人心的

3.constantadj.时常发生的;连续不断的

constantlyadv.不断地

Teachers have to constantly update their knowledge in order to maintain their professional competence.

教师为了保持职业能力,必须不断更新知识。

4.previousadj.在前的;早先的

He recalled exactly what Bob had told him the previous night.他清楚记得前一天晚上鲍勃告诉他的话。

[快速闪记]

in the previous chapter在上一章中

previous to在……之前

You must collect enough materials previous to your writing.你在写作之前必须收集好足够的材料。

5.guiden.& vt. n.[C]向导;导游;指南;手册 vt.……领路;带领;引导

A young lady guided us on a tour of the museum as our guide.一位年轻小姐作为导游带领我们参观了博物馆。

6.lackn.[U]缺乏;没有 vt.& vi.缺乏;短少;没有

Lack of time prevented me from writing to you.

由于没有时间,我没能给你写信。

[快速闪记]

a lack of缺少

lack for (多用于否定句)缺

for/through lack of因为缺乏

be lacking in缺乏,不足

7.adjustmentn.[C] & [U]调整;调节

These animals made an adjustment to the new environment in a short time.

这些动物短时间内就适应了新环境。

[快速闪记]

adjust vt.①(使)适应;(使)校准;(使)调整②整理;使有条理

adjust(oneself) to (doing) sth (使某人)适应(做)某事

make an adjustment/adjustments to调整……(以适应……)

adjustable adj.可调节的;可调整的

8.switchn.[C] ①开关;电闸②转换;改变;变化 vt.①转变;交换②开关(电器等设备)

She switched the conversation from one subject to another.她转变了话题。

[快速闪记]

switch off关上(电灯、电视等)

switch on打开(电灯、电视等)

switch to转换到 switch over转换频道;转变

make a switch进行改变

9.optimisticadj.乐观的 pessimisticadj. 悲观的

10.instantn.& adj.瞬间;片刻;立即的;立刻的

Please go away in an instant.请立刻走开。

[快速闪记]

in an instant立即;马上

for an instant片刻,瞬间

the instant 一……就

instantly adv.即可,马上

Ⅱ. 高频短语必会

1.take up 拿起;开始;继续

2.be back on one's feet(困境后)恢复;完全复原

3.lose sight of看不见……

4.sweep up打扫;横扫

5.slide into(快捷而悄声地)移动;溜进

6.speed up加速

Ⅲ. 写作句式必学

1.Hit by a lack of fresh air,my head ached.

由于缺乏新鲜空气,我感动头疼。

2.Having said this,he spread some food on the table,and produced a bed from the floor.

说完这个,他把一些食物摆在桌子上,而且还从地板上弄出一张床来。

3.It'll make you feel much better.

它会让你感觉好许多。

4.At first my new surroundings were difficult to tolerate.

开始的时候,新的环境让我难以忍受。

Ⅳ. 核心单词集中串记

短文语法填空,然后背诵短文,熟记本单元的重点词汇。

An Air Crash

I was a previoustypist in a post office.Because I couldn't toleratetyping any more postage bills or postcodeson__1__ typewriterevery day,I resigned.With a __2__(greed) motivationof making big money,I took upworking as a business representativefor the G.E EcologyCompany,which producedgoodsby __3__(recycle) useful materialsfrom our dustbins.My new job left me good __4__(impress) in many aspectsexcept that the working timetablewas full of traveling by jets.

Once,when__5__ (speed)up,our jet was swallowedby a thunderstorm,which destroyed our GPS receiver and made us lose sight ofthe directions.A constantlyflashinglight showed that our jet was in danger.A steward__6__(instant) asked us to put on masksand fastenthe safety belts,and then presseda buttonto switch onthe escaping capsule.It slid sideways __7__ of the opening at once and landed in a desertarea safely.Lackingfood and tablets,we were nervous and uncertainat first.But we all kept optimisticand made good __8__(adjust) to the situation.We swept upthe surrounding mudto make our settlementand were back on our __9__(foot) soon.Finally,__10__(guide) by the smoke of our crashing jet,some local citizenscame by carriagesand saved us.

参考答案

1.a 2.greedy 3.recycling 4.impressions

5.speeding 6.instantly 7.out 8.adjustments

9.feet 10.guided

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