小牛英语

高二英语必修五知识总结:必修五Unit2 The United Kingdom(含答案和解析)

作者:小牛英语 | 来源:小牛英语 | 2017年10月07日 13:59

今天小牛英语大家分享了人教版必修五Unit2 The United Kingdom的语言知识点,今天我们来做点练习巩固一下!

Ⅰ. 单句语法填空

1.It was sad to me that they, so poor themselves, __should_bring me food.

解析:本题考查情态动词的基本用法。句意:他们自己那么穷, 给我带来了食物,这让我(感动得)心里不好受。should可以用在that引导的从句中,跟在某些形容词或动词之后,表示“竟然,居然”,带有惊讶的语气。

2.The two countries are going to meet to break __down__ some barriers to trade between them.

解析:本题考查动词短语意义辨析。句意:这两个国家将要会面以扫除两国之间的贸易障碍。break down扫除(障碍),清除(困难),出故障,失败,分解。根据句中的关键词meet(会面)以及barriers(障碍)可知是扫除障碍(break down some barriers)。

3.Sam has been appointed manager of the engineering department to take__the__place of George.

解析:考查冠词用法。考查固定短语take the place of“代替”。

4.Old­fashioned phones matter when wireless networks break __down__in disasters.

解析:句意:当无线网络在灾难中出故障时,老式手机就很关键了。break down坏了;出故障。

5.The secretary arranged a(n) __convenient__(convenience) time and place for the applicants to have an interview.

解析:句意:秘书为求职者们安排了一个方便的时间和地点进行面试。convenient方便的,便利的。

6.He had to pause from time to time to wipe the sweat from his forehead, because the air­conditioning system broke __down__.

解析:本题考查动词短语的用法。句意:他不得不不时的停下来擦额头上的汗,因为空调坏了。break down损坏;发生故障;失败。

7.Thousands of foreigners __were_attracted__(attract) to the Shanghai World Expo the day it opened.

解析:句意:在上海世博会开幕的当天,数以千计的外国人被吸引过来。

8.Even the best writers sometimes find themselves __lost__(lose) for words.

解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:即便是最优秀的作家有时也会难以找到合适的词汇表达。“find oneself+done”表示“感到自己……”,由于空格处和themselves有逻辑上的动宾关系,所以选用过去分词作宾语补足语。

9.“Chinese Dama”, mainly __consisting__(consist) of married woman between the age 40~60,beat Wall Street tycoons(大亨) in gold buying in 2013.

解析:句意:由40岁到60岁的已婚妇女组成的“中国大妈”在2013年购买黄金行动中打败了华尔街大亨。

10.It's beyond our prehension that Jim, who tops the class in English, __should__ have difficulty translating such a simple sentence.

解析:考查情态动词。句意:我们不可理解的是Jim,英语最好的学生,竟然翻译这么简单的句子都有困难。should在此处的意思是“竟然”。

11.In the job interviews,job applicants often find themselves __asked__ (ask) unexpected questions, some very difficult to answer.

解析:考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,ask和themselves是逻辑上的动宾关系,故用asked作find的宾语补足语。

12.I missed __the__ meeting.Would you please give me __a__ brief deion about it?

解析:考查冠词。句意:我错过了会议。你能给我简要描述一下吗?第一空,表示双方都知道的那次会议,表特指概念,因此应用定冠词the;第二空,give sb.a(brief) deion about/of sth.意为“向某人(简要)描述某事”,为固定短语,因此应用不定冠词a。

13.__To_attract__(attract) more tourists,travel agencies from both China and the DPRK have developed a package of new products.

解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:为了吸引更多的游客,中国和朝鲜的旅行社已经推出了一系列的新产品。根据句意可知,此处应用不定式作目的状语。

14.__Divided__(divide) into six groups, the students began to discuss the topic left over last time.

解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:学生被分为六个组之后就开始讨论上次留下的话题了。divide与其逻辑主语the students之间构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故用divide的过去分词形式。

15.Only teachers are permitted to enter the reading­room, that is to say, the reading­room is only __accessible__(access) to teachers.

解析:句意:只有老师被允许进入阅览室,也就是说,阅览室是专供老师们用的。be accessible to sb.对于某人来说可以进入或使用的。

Ⅱ. 完成句子

1.He found that there was not any possibility for him __to break away from the bad habit (摆脱这个坏习惯) because he had been addicted to it.

2.__To_my_great_delight/Much_to_my_delight__(让我极为高兴的是), I came across Mr.Smith in the countryside who was doing some research in rice­growing.

3.Undoubtedly, they were so absorbed in their business that they __left_out_several_important_details__(遗漏了几个重要细节).

4.Neither side is to blame for it, because discussions between the two sides __have_broken_down__(已经破裂) and they are dissatisfied with each other.

5.__To_his_credit__(值得称赞的是), the famous writer has contributed himself to creating detective stories.

6.__It's_a_pity__(真遗憾) that you missed the famous expert's lecture about the history of the United Kingdom.

7.Actually, my sister and I __don't_look_alike__(长得不像), but many people around us are often confused by our appearance.

8.You had better not waste time on computer games and TV programs if you are going to __make_every_day_worthwhile__(使每天都有价值).

9.Although, nationwide, the two colleges __are_not_so_as_large_as_some_colleges_in_China__(不像中国一些大学那么大), they have trained and brought up many excellent graduates for our society.

10.My heart was full of thrill when I learned that plastics __had_taken_the_place_of_wood__ (已经取代了木头) in many ways and are widely used all over the world.

Ⅲ. 单句改错

1.My husband arranged me to ride in a hot air balloon for my birthday.

__me前加for__

2.The problems he referred to requiring careful discussion.

__requiring→require__

3.To his delighting, he got the first place in the maths exam.

__delighting→delight__

4.Computers can not take place of human brains, and nor can other machines.

__take后加the__

5.Hiking is an outdoor activity which consist of walking in natural environments.

__consist→consists__

6.Divide into four groups, the whole class began to discuss the topic.

__Divide→Divided__

Ⅳ. 教材原句

1.England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly__into__three zones.

解析:be divided into“被分成……”。

2.It is a pity that the industrial cities__built__(build) in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors.

解析:cities与build为被动关系,故用过去分词built作后置定语。

3.There you will find__out__more about British history and culture.

解析:find out“查明;找出;弄清(情况等)”。

4.__Worried__(worry) about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London.

解析:(be) worried about“担忧;担心……”。此处考查分词作状语。

5.__To__her great surprise, Zhang Pingyu found the Queen's jewels__guarded__(guard) by special royal soldiers.

解析:第一空考查to one's surprise“令某人惊讶的是”;第二空guard与jewels为动宾关系,故填过去分词作定语。

6.__What__interested her most was the longitude line.

解析:主语从句中缺少主语,故填what。

7.When she saw many visitors__enjoying__(enjoy) looking at the beautiful old Chinese pots and other objects on show, she felt very proud of her country.

解析:see sb.doing“看到某人正在做……”。

8.The next day Pingyu was leaving London__for__Windsor Castle.

解析:leave for...“动身去某地”。

Ⅴ. 语篇填空

England is the largest of the four countries, and ①__for__ convenience it is divided ②__roughly__(rough) into three zones.The zone nearest France is called the South of England, the middle zone is called the Midlands and the one nearest to Scotland is known ③__as__ the North.You find most of the population settled in the south, ④__but__ most of the industrial cities in the Midlands and the North of England.Although, nationwide, these cities are not as large as ⑤__those__ in China, they have world­famous football teams and some of them even have two! It is a pity ⑥__that__ the industrial cities ⑦__built__(build) in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors.For historical architecture you have to go to older but ⑧__smaller__(small) towns built by the Romans.There you ⑨__will_find__(find) out more about British history and culture.

The greatest historical treasure of all is London with ⑩__its__ museums, art collections, theatres, parks and buildings.

Ⅵ. 话题写作

用本单元所学知识完成下列句子,并按照逻辑连成短文。

1.We are so__delighted_to_have_the_opportunity_to_visit__the provincial museum.

我们很高兴能有机会参观省博物馆。

2.The museum__consists_of_three_parts__,one for historical architecture,one for painting collections,and another for statues.

博物馆分为三部分,分别为历史建筑、收藏画和雕塑。

3.All of them will__bring_you_much_delight__.

所有三部分都会给你们带来无限乐趣。

4.__For_convenience__,all of us will__be_divided_into__three groups to see them.

为了方便起见,我们将分为三组去参观。

5.Don't__break_away_from__your group,in case you__leave_out__important attractions.

参观时不要脱离集体,以免遗漏了重要的景点。

6.I wish all of you__an_enjoyable_time__.

希望大家玩得愉快。

组篇公式:将句3改为定语从句。

【参考答案】

We are so delighted to have the opportunity to visit the provincial museum.The museum consists of three parts, one for historical architecture,one for painting collections,and another for statues, all of which will bring you much delight.For convenience, all of us will be divided into three groups to see them and don't break away from your group, in case you leave out important attractions.I wish all of you an enjoyable time.

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