小牛英语

高二英语必修五知识总结:必修五Unit2 The United Kingdom(人教版)

作者:小牛英语 | 来源:小牛英语 | 2017年10月05日 17:53

高二的同学大部分都已经学到或即将学习必修五Unit2 The United Kingdom,今天小牛英语和大家分享这个单元的语言点,学起来哟!

Ⅰ. 常考单词必背

1.consistvi.组成;在于;一致

Learning and personality do not always consist together.

学问与人格并不总是相一致的。

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consist of由……组成 consist in 在于

consist with 与……一致

be consistent with与……一致

consistent adj.一致的;一贯的;连续的

2.clarifyvt.澄清;阐明

I am happy to clarify any points that are still unclear.

我愿意说明任何仍然不清楚的地方。

A bank spokesman was unable to clarify the situation.一位银行发言人未能把情况解释清楚。

3.accomplishvt.完成;达成;实现

The explorer accomplished the voyage in three weeks.

探险家在三周内完成了这次航行。

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同义词:finish,accomplish,complete,conclude,end

4.conveniencen.方便;便利

Any help from you will be greatly appreciated.Please give me a reply at your earliest convenience.

你们所提供的任何帮助我们都很感激,请在方便的时候尽早联系我们。

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(1)for convenience为了方便起见

at one's convenience 在某人方便的时候

convenience food方便食品

convenience store便利店

(2)convenient adj.便利的;方便的;就近的

It is convenient for sb to do sth某人方便做某事

if/when it is convenient方便的话/方便的时候

5.attractvt.吸引;引起注意

Suddenly,a round of applause attracts their attention.突然,一阵掌声吸引了他们的注意力。

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(1)attract sb to sth 吸引某人关注某事

have no/much attraction for sb 对某人不具有/很有吸引力

be attractive to对……有吸引力

(2)attraction n.[U]吸引;吸引力;[C]有吸引力的事/人

attractive adj.有吸引力的;有魅力的

6.possibilityn. [U] & [C]可能性;可能

A hundred years ago few people believed in the possibility of flying.一百年前,很少人相信飞行是可能的。

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possible adj.可能的

There is a/no possibility that...有/没可能……

There is a possibility that we will win the competition.

我们有可能赢得比赛。

7.quarreln.& vt.争吵;争论;吵架

Mary quarrelled with her brother over their father's will.玛丽和弟弟因父亲遗嘱的事起了争执。

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quarrel with sb over/about sth 因某事跟某人争吵

have a quarrel with sb over/about sth 因某事跟某人争吵

8.arrangevt.& vi.①安排;筹划②整理;排列

She arranged all her business affairs before going on holiday.

她在度假前把业务都安排好了。

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arrangement n.[C] & [U]安排;准备工作;排列;布置

arrange to do...安排做某事

arrange sth for sb 为某人安排某事

arrange with sb about...就某事和某人商议

I've arranged with the neighbours about feeding the cats.

我已和邻居商量妥喂猫的事。

arrange for sb/sth to do sth 安排某人/某物做某事

make an arrangement/arrangements for为……做安排

Ⅱ. 高频短语必会

1.divide...into把……分成

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divide among;divide between在……之间分派/分配;divide 的同义词separate,part,divorce。

2.break away(from) 突然离开;脱离(政党等);打破(陈套等)

Modern music has broken away from 18th century rules.现代音乐已摆脱了18世纪的陈规旧俗。

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break down坏掉;(谈判等)失败;(使)垮掉;把……分类/分成若干部分

break in打断(说话);插嘴说;闯入

break into破门而入;突然……起来

break into a loud laugh/song突然大笑/唱起来

break off中止;中断;打断;折断

break out(战争、火灾、疫病等)突然爆发

break through冲破;突破

break up破碎;(关系等)破裂;驱散;(被)分解

3.to one's credit值得赞誉;在……名下

4.leave out省略,遗漏;未顾及,忽略

You left out the possibility that the train might be late.

你忽略了火车或许晚点的可能性。

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leave...to/with把……托付给;留/交给

Before we went on a journey,we left the cat with my cousin.我们出去旅行前托堂兄照看我们的猫。

5.take the place of (=take one's place) 代替

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in place在适当的位置;适当的;准备妥当

out of place adj.不合适的;不相称的;不在适当的位置

in place of/in sb's place代替;交换

in the first place首先

take place发生;举行

Ⅲ. 写作句式必学

1.Now when people refer to England you find Wales included as well.

现在,当人们提到英格兰时,你会发现他们也把威尔士包括在内。

2.What interested her mostwas the longitude line.

她最感兴趣的是那条经线。

3.It's a pity that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors.

这些在十九世纪建立的工业城市并不吸引游客,这是一个遗憾。

Ⅳ. 核心单词集中串记

短文语法填空,然后背诵短文,熟记本单元的重点词汇。

Sightseeing in the United Kingdom

After the wedding,my cousin and his wife went to the United Kingdom for nationwide sightseeing.He faxeda letter to me in English yesterday.__1__ my delight,he no longer made any tense error.And his deion__2__(rough)clarifiedmy questions about the UK—its currency,its administration,the institutionwhich divides __3__intofour provinces,and the historicalconflictsand quarrelswhen Southern Ireland broke away fromthe UK.

Unwillingto leave out any __4__(attract),my cousin arrangedhis enjoyablejourney carefully.One attractiveplace he visited was a castle in the countrysideof Scotland,which lies near a port.It used to be the headquarters of the CommunismUnion but __5__(break) downduring the war.Finding nothing could take__6__place ofthis splendidarchitecture,people accomplishedrebuilding it in 1952.It was to their creditthat all furnishedrooms are __7__(consist)withwhat they used to be.My cousin __8__ (thrill) by its collectionsconsisting ofstatuesplusroyaluniforms__9__(fold) in glass tanks.Though there was no possibilityto buy some of these exhibits,it was __10__(convenience) to take photos,which he sent me along with his fax.

【参考答案】

1. To 2. roughly 3. it 4. attraction 

5. broke 6. the 7. consistent 

8. was thrilled 9. folded 10. convenient

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